Differences Between Fiction and Fake News
Fake news has been rampant in recent years, although it's nothing new to society. I've identified at least two types of fake news and maybe you can think of other subcategories: intentional propaganda and accidental flawed reporting.
Fiction and satire are not fake news unless fictional or satirical stories are presented as authentic news with no disclaimers or hints of hyperbole. Some might call "yellow journalism" a form of fake news, although it's defined as basing a story partly on truth and partly on sensationalism.
At the lower left is a character I created called Evan Springer Satanica on March 19, 2017. He's a fictional techie/hacker who works for the government and spies on people through their smartphones, TVs and other electronic equipment. Draw whatever conclusions you like about how he compares with real world events, but to be clear, he's not based on any specific individual or story.
I will be working on a sci-fi story surrounding his character and it may draw from actual events. But this explanation should help media sources (both big and small) have a better understanding on what fake news is. Anyone who confuses fictional novels and cartoon characters with "fake news" or "real news" simply needs a better education. Yes, fiction can be educational.
Evan Springer Satanica represents fiction, whereas unsubstantiated speculation you pick up from mainstream or independent media represents fake news. Satanica is a character who loves to go along with media propaganda if it supports the establishment.